Year 8 Physical Education

Physical Education
Topic  Rugby
No of lessons  6-8
When is it happening  Term 1 Year 8
What will students learn 

Students will recap and develop their ability to perform rugby related skills such as ball handling/familiarisation, passing and receiving the ball, the importance of width, outwitting an opponent when attacking or defending and how to put these skills into gameplay. Students will learn how to tackle an opponent safely but effectively.  Students will also develop the knowledge and understanding of the basic rules of the game (when the ball is in or out of play/further develop their understanding of the offside rule/ developing a deeper more cemented understanding of the rules of the game) Students will develop their communication, teamwork and leadership skills through a series of different activities.  Students will also develop an understanding for attacking and defensive principles and the importance of different tactics to outwit their opponent. Students will learn how to implement attacking strategies to exploit their opponent and build upon their defensive positioning and awareness to counter the attacking strategies.

Key Knowledge that students should know at the end of 'Topic' This is the knowledge that students will meet for the first time in this topic  Recap the understanding of the origin of rugby (The game, now know across the world simply as rugby, can be traced back over 2000 years. The Romans played a ball game called harpastum, a word derived from the Greek word “seize”, the implication of the name being that somebody actually carried or handled the ball. Rugby is said to have originated at Rugby School in Warwickshire, England, in 1823 when during a game of football, William Webb Ellis decided to pick up a ball and go with it. The Rugby World Cup Trophy is now named after William Webb Ellis). Reinforce and retrieve understanding of the health benefits playing rugby has physically, mentally and socially. How skills can be learnt and transferred into other sports and everyday life, these will not just be physical skills such as sending and receiving but social skills such as communicating, leading, problem solving and working collaboratively as a team. Students will recap, develop and refine rugby specific skills such as ball handling, passing and receiving, using width, Attacking and defensive strategies will be recapped and built upon through analysis on smart TV and discussions held on how to put these skills into small sided games. They will also learn how to tackle safely but effectively. Students/professional athletes performance will also be analysed to help create and devise strategies to outwit an opponent. Students will develop an understanding of the importance of footwork when running at defenders and the importance of footwork and positioning when preparing to tackle.
This is knowledge that students may have met before but will need to deepen their understanding  Students will recap and develop knowledge to name and explain areas on the pitch and rules e.g. lines, offside rule, passing backwards, try to score, 6 tackles is turn over in possession, legal/illegal tackles. Ask questions that will promote retrieval and curiosity such as: when might you pass and why? why might you use different types of passes (pop, spin, dive)? when might you run with the ball and why? when might you attempt a try and why?, when might they need to beat an opponent and why? where should we hit the opponent for a tackle? Can you continue to run with the ball once tackled? how should you present the ball when tackled? How will feet positioning help you when tackling the opposition? If students cannot retrieve the knowledge physically then they should be able to recite how to perform the skill verbally or when the skill may be performed.  Students will retrieve and build upon prior knowledge of tactics of keeping possession, defending and attacking strategies which will be retrieved from the football unit. Students will implement attacking and defensive strategies into each lesson but also need to recall these strategies when participating in other invasion sports such as hockey and basketball etc. Students will recall and refine their ability to perform sport specific actions such as passing and receiving, tackling and travelling with the ball. Students will further develop their understanding of the components of fitness and when they are required throughout a game situation. Students will demonstrate and explain when different types of passes might be used depending on different scenarios.
Key Skills that students should be able to demonstrate at the end of 'Topic' This is the skills  that students will meet for the first time in this topic Students will undergo a variety of practices focussing on rugby skills which will able them to perform key skills used in the sport such as passing, receiving, running with the rugby ball, outwitting opponents as an attacker and a defender and implementing these skills into a competitive situation. Students will safely learn the correct tackling technique in isolated 1v1 practices. Then progressing onto 2 vs 1 practicing and attempting to tackle in small sided games. Students will be involved in isolated practices which will force the skill development and a variety of 2v1, 3v1 and small sided games. This competition will force students to work under pressure and develop their skill set to a higher ability. Students will acquire knowledge through participating in practices, watching and performing in demonstrations, using task cards and analysing video footage.
This is skills that students may have met before but will need to develop  Students will retrieve and develop skills and techniques of ball handling, passing and receiving, using width when attacking, attacking strategies, defending strategies and how to use them in a competitive environment. Also progressing from tag rugby to full contact
Key vocabulary that students should know and understand Agility, speed, strength, power, coordination, leadership, organisation, communication, awareness, footwork, accuracy, try, offside, offload, defensive line, defensive structure, sidestep, ring of steel, 
The Big Question  Retrieve components of fitness knowledge and discuss which are needed in Rugby and how are these transferable to other sports (hinterland)


 Key questions that students should be able to answer at the end of the 'Topic'



How should I present my hands when preparing to receive the rugby ball? What should the hands look like when receiving?
Retrieval - What are the three stages of a warm-up? Why do we warm up?
What are the teaching points for a spin pass? Pop pass?
What are the teaching points for a safe tackle? When would you tackle? What happens if you don't tackle safely?
Why is width important in Rugby? What would happen if you did/didn't use width
Is width important when you're attacking, defending or both? Why?
When attacking is it important to pass the ball backwards? Why? What happens if passed forwards?
When defending is it better to be in a straight line across the pitch or miss matched in different positions? Why?
Why is it important to be able to catch the ball on the move?
When running with the rugby ball why is it beneficial to hold the ball in 2 hands?
How can you score a point?
How is play restarted after 6 tackles? How is play restarted after a try?